Mobilink was a trade name of Pakistan Mobile Communications Limited (PMCL), a mobile operator in Pakistan providing a range of prepaid and postpaid voice and data telecommunication services to both individual and corporate subscribers. Its head office is in Islamabad, and the current President and CEO is Aamir Ibrahim. The network

claims to have been the first GSM-based mobile operator in South Asia.

History of Mobilink

Mobilink started operations in 1990 as the first GSM cellular mobile service in Pakistan with a joint venture by Saif Group and Motorola Inc., who later sold it to Orascom

Telecom, an Egypt-based multinational company and then they also further sold it to VimpelcomGroup, a Russian Company.

The Orascom group, who formally owned Mobilink has a major share in TWA (Transworld Associates) which operates an undersea fiber-optic cable from Karachi, Pakistan, to Fujairah, UAE.[8] As of June 2010, Mobilink had issued two listed bonds valued at PKR 30.2 billion and PKR 60 billion.

Jazzcash

Mobilink has partnered with Waseela Microfinance Bank to mark its entry into the branchless banking segment. With Mobicash, customers have access to the simplest way to

conduct their financial transactions, related to paying bills, sending/receiving money within Pakistan, purchasing top-ups for their cell phones (Pre-paid).

 

Telenor Pakistan (Pvt.) Limited is owned by the Norwegian Telenor Group, which is an international provider of voice, data, content and mobile communication services in 13 markets across Europe and Asia and an additional 17 markets through its ownership in VimpelCom Ltd. Telenor Group is among the largest mobile operators in the world, with over 166 million mobile subscriptions (Q4 2011) and a workforce of 33,000. Telenor started out as a public company in 1855.Currently, Telenor Pakistan has a total subscriber base of 43 million with 29% SIM market share.

 

History of Telenor

Telenor acquired a license for providing GSM services in Pakistan in April 2004, and launched its services commercially in Karachi, Islamabad, and Rawalpindi on 15 March 2005; it expanded its services to Lahore, Faisalabad and Hyderabad on 23 March 2005. Telenor Pakistan’s corporate headquarters are in Islamabad, with regional offices in Peshawar, Lahore, Faisalabad, Multan, Hyderabad, Quetta and Karachi. On 28 January 2005, Telenor established its first call centre in Karachi.The official opening of Telenor Pakistan was held in Islamabad with former President of Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf as guest of honor and a Telenor delegation headed by President and CEO of Telenor Group Jon Fredrik Baksaas along with then CEO of Telenor Pakistan Tore Johnsen.[3] The inauguration call was made by former President Pervez Musharraf to the Prime Minister of Norway, who was visiting Australia at the time. The present CEO of Telenor Pakistan is Irfan Wahab Khan.

 

Introduction of LTE

In August 2016, Telenor Pakistan became the third 4G network of Pakistan. Telenor Pakistan is providing LTE in Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Multan, Karachi, Faisalabad, Sialkot and Swat. Telenor has added over 3,000 LTE cell sites to its network and Karachi alone has received 600+ LTE sites with special arrangements such as spectrum refarming and LTE availability on Bands 3 and 5. Telenor is currently using FDD-LTE Band 5 (850MHz) for LTE services, and using both Band 5 and Band 3 (1800 MHz) in Karachi and Islamabad.

 

Mobile Banking and EasyPaisa

In 2008, Telenor acquired majority shares of Tameer Microfinance Bank Limited for its mobile financial services project. They named the branchless banking service “Easypaisa” and launched it in October 2009. In a country of over 190 million people, with only 10,000 bank branches and approximately 15 million bank accounts, Easypaisa was Pakistan’s first branchless banking deployment aimed to increase access to financial services for the people of Pakistan, with over 25,000 Easypaisa shops across the country who perform the money transfers and bill payments. Later ‘Mobile Wallet’ was introduced where normal Telenor Pakistan subscribers could now open a mobile account and make transactions themselves from their cellphone. Easypaisa was cited by CNN as the “model to follow” in launching mobile banking services. Easypaisa is Pakistan’s first and largest mobile money service, and third largest in the world, catering to 6 million customers every month. It currently has over 40,000 agents in 750 cities and towns across Pakistan. In October 2014 Telenor Easypaisa introduced several types of accounts at different levels. They have named them as Level 2 Basic Account, Level 2 A Type Account, Level 2 B Type Account and Level 2 C Type Account, each with its own deposit limit and distinct rules.[16]

EasyPaisa split up with Telenor Pakistan

EasyPaisa Mobile banking announced it was parting ways with Telenor Pakistan in March 2017. It is now being managed by Tameer Bank, which is fully owned by the Telenor Group. EasyPaisa’s operations, PR and marketing will now be handled by the Telenor Group.

 

 

Pak Telecom Mobile Limited or Ufone is a Pakistani GSM cellular service provider. It was the third mobile operator to enter Pakistani market. It started its operations under the brand name of Ufone, in Islamabad on January 29, 2001.

PTML is a wholly owned subsidiary of Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited. Following PTCL’s privatization, Ufone became a part of the Etisalat in 2006.

Ufone is the smallest GSM mobile service provider and least number mobile service in terms of subscriber base of 20 million. It has a market share of 13%, least among all four mobile operators.

Ufone has appointed Rashid Khan as its CEO who was the CEO of Mobilink (now Jazz) from 2008 to 2014.

 

History of Ufone

The company commenced its operations, under the brand name of Ufone, from Islamabad on January 29, 2001. Ufone became a part of the Emirates Telecommunication Corporation Group (Etisalat) in 2006.

Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited commonly known as PTCL, is the national telecommunication company in Pakistan. PTCL provides telephone and internet services nationwide and is the backbone for the country’s telecommunication infrastructure despite the arrival of a dozen othnages and operates around 2000 telephone exchanges across the country, providing the largest fixed-liner telecommunication corporations, including Telenor and China Mobile. The corporation mae network. Data and backbone services such as GSM, HSPA+, CDMA, LTE, broadband internet, IPTV, and wholesale are an increasing part of its business. Originally a state-owned corporation, the share holding of Ptcl was reduced to 62%, when 26% of shares and control were sold to Etisalat Telecommunications while the remaining 12% to the general public in 2006 under an intensified privatization program under Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz. However, the 62% of shares still remain under the management of government-ownership of state-owned corporations of Pakistan.

History of PTCL

From the beginning of the Posts & Telegraph Department in 1949 and establishment of Pakistan Telephone & Telegraph Department in 1962, PTCL has been a major player in telecommunication in Pakistan.

Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation (PTC) took over operations and functions from Pakistan Telephone and Telegraph Department under Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation Act 1991. This coincided with the Government’s competitive policy, encouraging private sector participation and resulting in award of licenses for cellular, card-operated pay-phones, paging and, lately, data communication services.

Pursuing a progressive policy, the Government in 1991, announced its plans to privatize PTCL, and in 1994 issued six million vouchers exchangeable into 600 million shares of the would-be PTCL in two separate placements. Each had a par value of Rs. 10 per share. These vouchers were converted into PTCL shares in mid-1996.

In 1995, Pakistan Telecommunication (Reorganization) Ordinance formed the basis for PTCL monopoly over basic telephony in the country. The provisions of the Ordinance were lent permanence in October 1996 through Pakistan Telecommunication (Reorganization) Act. The same year, Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited was formed and listed on all stock exchanges of Pakistan

PTCL launched its mobile and data services subsidiaries in 2001 by the name of Ufone and PakNet respectively. None of the brands made it to the top slots in the respective competitions. Lately, however, Ufone had increased its market share in the cellular sector. The PakNet brand has effectively dissolved over the period of time. Recent DSL services launched by PTCL reflects this by the introduction of a new brand name and operation of the service being directly supervised by PTCL.

A shop of Pakistan Telecommunication Company Ltd (PTCL) in Islamabad

As telecommunication monopolies head towards an imminent end, services and infrastructure providers are set to face even bigger challenges. The post-monopoly era came with Pakistan’s Liberalization in Telecommunicationin January 2003. On the Government level, a comprehensive liberalization policy for telecoms sector is in the offering.

In 2005, Government of Pakistan decided to sell 26 percent of this company to some private corporation. There were three participants in the bidding process for privatization of PTCL. Etisalat, an Abu Dhabi company was able to get the shares with a large margin in the bid.[4] Government’s plan of privatizing the corporation were not welcomed in all circles; countrywide protests and strikes were held by PTCL workers. They disrupted phone lines of institutions like Punjab University Lahore along with public sector institutions were also blocked. Military had to take over the management of all the exchanges in the country. They arrested many workers and put them behind bars. The contention between Government and the employees ended with a 30% increase in the salaries of workers.

 

It’s not every week that we get to do a run-down of new phone releases. Rarer, still, is the list quite as long and complete with high end offerings, a premium tablet and with a bunch of different brands participating.Samsung introduced its 2018 flagship slate – the Galaxy Tab S4. It might be based on last-year’s Snapdragon 835 chipset, but even so it’s the most premium slate Android has to offer. Naturally, the star attraction is the gorgeous 10.5-inch Super AMOLED display of 2,560 x 1,600px resolution.There’s a new, beefier and pretty comfy S Pen stylus, magnetic keyboard cover accessory, as well as a DeX desktop experience, supporting the built in and external displays at the same time. One could argue that the Galaxy Tab S4 is a productivity powerhouse.

 

Then there is the Galaxy Tab A 10.5 – an entry-level affair, aimed at entertaining and educating kids. You won’t get an OLED panel with this one, but the battery is just as big at 7,300 mAh and there are a few other value-added features, shared between the two, like the immersive quad speaker system. Finishing this week’s Samsung device list off is the Galaxy On8. It’s basically a Galaxy J8, re-branded as a Flipkart exclusive and given a more aggressive price. You can currently get it at $250/€210.Moving on, Blackberry showed a couple of new phones – the Evolve and Evolve X. There is plenty of value to be had from BlackBerry’s unique enterprise-grade software offering, now infused into Android. Especially when working on a phone with a spacious 5.99-inch 18:9 display, capable Snapdragon 660 SoC with 6GB RAM, dual cameras and wireless charging.

 

Motorola mostly surprised us with the Moto Z3 this week. Not that the phone came totally out of the blue. After the Moto Z3 Play, it was always just a matter of time. However, the unveiling itself came rather unexpectedly and had a distinct focus on the upcoming 5G Moto mod module, rather than the phone itself. Verizon is making a big push towards the next-get mobile networks and wants you to know that the Moto Z3 is officially the first 5G upgradable device in existence – practical implications aside. Other than that, the Moto Z3 is physically identical to the Moto Z3 Play and borrows its internals almost entirely from the Moto Z2 Force.Huawei took the phablet concept to the extreme with the new Honor Note 10. Rocking a massive 6.95-inch Full HD+ (1080 x 2220 pixels) AMOLED display, the device blurs the line between tablets and phones. And high-end internals, including the Kirin 970, complete with Huawei’s new CPU and GPU turbo software tech, make sure that screen won’t go to waste.Last, but not least, LG decided to put yet another cosmetic tweak to the V35 ThinQ. The Signature Edition of the device has a zirconium ceramic back cover, that prevents scratches, sleek Black or White design and comes with Bang & Olufsen headphones in the package. It’s not exactly new hardware, but we’re going to count it.

 

 

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational networking, telecommunications equipment, and services company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong. It is the largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer in the world, having overtaken Ericsson in 2012.In 2018, Huawei became 72nd of Fortune Global 500 in Fortune Magazine. Since 2018, Huawei is the second largest smartphonemanufacturer in the world. 

Huawei was founded in 1987 by Ren Zhengfei, a former engineer in the People’s Liberation Army. At the time of its establishment, Huawei focused on manufacturing phone switches, but has since expanded its business to include building telecommunications networks, providing operational and consulting services and equipment to enterprises inside and outside of China, and manufacturing communications devices for the consumer market.[7][8] Huawei has over 170,000 employees as of September 2015, around 76,000 of whom are engaged in research and development(R&D). It has 21 R&D institutes in countries including China, the United States, Canada, the UnitedKingdom, Pakistan, Finland, France, Belgium, Germany, Colombia, Sweden, Ireland, India,[14] Russia, Israel, and Turkey, and in 2014, the company invested $6.4 billion USD in R&D, up from $5 billion USD in 2013.

In 2014, Huawei recorded a profit of 34.2 billion CNY (5.5 billion USD). Its products and services have been deployed in more than 170 countries and it currently serves 45 of the world’s 50 largest telecoms operators.

In June 2016, Huawei is reportedly working on and designing its own mobile OS for future usage.

In September 2017, Huawei created an NB-IoT city-aware network using a “one network, one platform, N applications” construction model utilizing IoT, cloud computing, big data, and other next-generation information and communications technology (ICT), it also aims to be one of the world’s five largest cloud players in the near future.

In 2017, Huawei began helping BYD build a standardized, smart factory.

History of Huawei

During the 1980s, Chinese government tried to modernize the country’s underdeveloped telecommunications infrastructure. A core component of the telecommunications network was telephone exchange switches, and in the late 1980s several Chinese research groups endeavored to acquire and develop the technology, usually through joint ventures with foreign companies.

Ren Zhengfei, a former deputy director of the People’s Liberation Army engineering corp, founded Huawei in 1987 in Shenzhen. Rather than relying on joint ventures to secure technology transfers from foreign companies, which were often reluctant to transfer their most advanced technologies to Chinese firms, Ren sought to reverse engineer foreign technologies with local researchers. At a time when all of China’s telecommunications technology was imported from abroad, Ren hoped to build a domestic Chinese telecommunication company that could compete with, and ultimately replace, foreign competitors.

The company reports that it had RMB 21,000 in registered capital at the time of its founding. The Far Eastern Economic Review also reported that it received an $8.5 million loan from a state-owned bank, though the company has denied the existence of the loan.

During its first several years the company’s business model consisted mainly of reselling private branch exchange (PBX) switches imported from Hong Kong. Meanwhile, it was reverse-engineering imported switches and investing heavily in research and development to manufacture its own technologies. By 1990 the company had approximately 600 R&D staff, and began its own independent commercialization of PBX switches targeting hotels and small enterprises.[30]

The company’s first major breakthrough came in 1993, when it launched its C&C08 program controlled telephone switch. It was by far the most powerful switch available in China at the time. By initially deploying in small cities and rural areas and placing emphasis on service and customizability, the company gained market share and made its way into the mainstream market.[31] The company also developed collusive joint venture relationships with local authorities, whereby it would provide “dividends” to the local officials in exchange for their using Huawei products in the network. Ahrens writes that these methods were “unorthodox, bordering on corrupt,” but not illegal.

Huawei also gained a key contract to build the first national telecommunications network for the People’s Liberation Army, a deal one employee described as “small in terms of our overall business, but large in terms of our relationships”.In 1994, founder Ren Zhengfei had a meeting with Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin, telling him that “switching equipment technology was related to national security, and that a nation that did not have its own switching equipment was like one that lacked its own military.” Jiang reportedly agreed with this assessment.

Another major turning point for the company came in 1996, when the government in Beijing adopted an explicit policy of supporting domestic telecommunications manufacturers and restricting access to foreign competitors. Huawei was promoted by both the government and the military as a national champion, and established new research and development offices.

Products and services

Huawei is organized around three core business segments:

  1. Telecom Carrier Networks, building telecommunications networks and services
  2. Enterprise Business, providing equipment, software and services to enterprise customers, e.g. Government Solutions etc.
  3. Devices, manufacturing electronic communications devices

Huawei announced its Enterprise business in January, 2011 to provide network infrastructure, fixed and wireless communication, data center, and cloud computingsolutions for global telecommunications customers. Huawei has stated that it aims to increase enterprise sales to US$4 billion in 2011 and $15 billion within three to five years.

In 2016, Huawei enterprise business group launched a new marketing slogan defining its position for the enterprise market, “Leading New ICT, Building a Better Connected World” at CeBIT 2016.

Devices

Huawei’s Devices division provides white-label products to content-service providers, including USB modems, wireless modems and wireless routers for mobile wifi, embedded modules, fixed wireless terminals, wireless gateways, set-top boxes, mobile handsets and video products.Huawei also produces and sells a variety of devices under its own name, such as the IDEOS smartphones, tablet PCs and Huawei Smartwatch. In 2010, Huawei Devices shipped 120 million devices around the world. 30 million cell phones, of which 3.3 million units were smartphones, were shipped to markets such as Japan, the United States and Europe.

Huawei phones

In July 2003, Huawei established their handset department and by 2004, Huawei shipped their first phone, the C300. The U626 was Huawei’s first 3G phone in June 2005 and In 2006, Huawei launched the first vodafone branded 3G handset, the V710. The U8220 was Huawei’s first Android smartphone and was unveiled in MWC 2009. At CES 2012, Huawei introduced the Ascend range starting with the Ascend P1 S. At MWC 2012, Huawei launched the Ascend D1. In September 2012, Huawei launched a 4G ready phone, the Ascend P1 LTE. At CES 2013, Huawei launched the Ascend D2 and the Ascend Mate. At MWC 2013, the Ascend P2 was launched as the world’s first LTE Cat4 smartphone. In June 2013, Huawei launched the Ascend P6 and in December 2013, Huawei introduced Honor as a subsidiary independent brand in China. At CES 2014, Huawei launched the Ascend Mate2 4G In 2014 and at MWC 2014, Huawei launched the MediaPad X1 tablet and Ascend G6 4G smartphone. Other launched in 2014 included the Ascend P7 in May 2014, the Ascend Mate7, the Ascend G7 and the Ascend P7 Sapphire Edition as China’s first 4G smartphone with a sapphire screen.

In January 2015, Huawei announced that they’ll be dropping the Ascend name in future phones.This means that the Ascend Mate series was latter simply known as Mate series and the Ascend P series was latter simply known as P series.

Huawei also partnered with Google to build the Nexus 6P in 2015. In March 2018, Huawei announced its new flagship smartphone, the P20 Pro, which will be the world’s first smartphone with three rear cameras.

Vivo is a Chinese technology company that designs, develops, and manufactures smartphones, smartphone accessories, software, and online services. It was founded in 2009 in Dongguan, Guangdong, China. The brand uses Hi-Fi chips in its smartphones. Software developed by the company includes the Vivo App Store, iManager, and a proprietary Android-based operating system called Funtouch OS.

In 2012 Vivo released the X1. The X1 was also the first Vivo phone to use a Hi-Fi chip, developed by American semiconductor company Cirrus Logic. Vivo followed this up in 2013 by releasing the world’s first 2k-resolution screen phone, the Xplay3s.[3] Other popular phones in the Vivo lineup include the X5Pro, the X5Max, and the Xshot.

Vivo joined the ranks of the top 10 smartphone makers in the first quarter of 2015 with a global market share of 2.7%.[4]With research and development centers in Shenzhen and Nanjing, the company employed 1,600 R&D personnel as of January 2016.Vivo smartphones is currently the sponsor for the Indian Premier League editions 2016 and 2017.

 

 

OPPO Electronics Corp. (commonly referred to as OPPO) is a Chinese consumer electronics firm based in Guangdong. OPPO’s major product lines include smartphones, Blu-ray players and other electronic devices. The brand name OPPO was registered in China in 2001 and launched in 2004.The company has registered the OPPO brand name in many parts of the world. OPPO is now known primarily for its sub par smartphones, mainly targeting younger consumers with a small budget.

According to IDC report, it was ranked as the number 16 smartphone brand worldwide in 2017 Q1, and was the number 12 smartphone brand in China in 2016. In 2017, the Chinese manufacture ‘OPPO’ was caught in a legal battle in regards to the over heating and in one case their phones and their lithium ion battery exploding due to the poor manufacturing quality.

Xiaomi Inc. (stylized as Mi) (Chinese Mandarin: pinyin: Xiǎomǐ Kējì, literally “millet technology”; English: /ˌʃiːaʊˈmiː/ or /ʃiˌaʊˈmiː/) is a privately owned Chinese electronics and software company headquartered in Beijing. It is the world’s 5th largest smartphone maker in 2017.[4][5] Xiaomi designs, develops, and sells smart phones, mobile apps, laptops, and related consumer electronics

Since the release of its first smartphone in August 2011, Xiaomi has gained market share in mainland China and expanded into developing a wider range of consumer electronics, including a smart home (IoT) device ecosystem. The company’s founder and CEO is Lei Jun, China’s 24th richest person according to Forbes. The company sold over 60 million smart phones in 2014.

The company has over 8,000 employees, mainly in mainland China, India, Malaysia, and Singapore, and is expanding to other countries such as Indonesia, the Philippines and South Africa.

ccording to IDC, in October 2014. Xiaomi was the third largest Smartphone maker in the world, following Samsung and Apple Inc., and followed by Lenovo and LG. Xiaomi became the largest smartphone vendor in China in 2014, having overtaken Samsung, according to an IDC report.

Xiaomi is the world’s 4th most valuable technology start-up after it received US$1.1 billion funding from investors, making Xiaomi’s valuation more than US$46 billion.[17] Xiaomi entered the Indian market in July 2014 via Flipkart.com and entered the Bangladeshi market via Solar Electro Bangladesh Limited in August 2016

 

Chinese pinyin  is a Taiwanese consumer electronics company headquartered in Xindian District, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Founded in 1997, HTC began as an original design manufacturer and original equipment manufacturer, designing and manufacturing laptop computers.[3] They re-entered the market in 2008, turning to devices such as mobile phones and tablets,[4][5] releasing their first Smartphone, the HTC Dream.

After initially making smart phones based mostly on Windows Mobile, HTC became a co-founding member of the Open Handset Alliance, a group of handset manufacturers and mobile network operators dedicated to the development of the Android mobile operating system.[7] The HTC Dream, marketed by T-Mobile in many countries as the T-Mobile G1, was the first phone on the market to run Android.

HTC later shifted to marketing its own devices, including the HTC One series. In 2011, HTC ranked as the 98th top brand on Interbrain’s Best Global Brands report.[8] A September 2013 media report stated that HTC’s share of the global Smartphone market is less than 3 percent. While rising back to 7.2 percent in April 2015 due to its strong sales of recent devices, its stock price had fallen by 90 percent since 2011, and the company experienced consecutive net losses.

In 2016, HTC expanded into virtual reality hardware with the release of HTC Vive.

In 2017, HTC announced a $1.1 billion deal with Google, wherein Google acquires a non-exclusive license to intellectual property of HTC as well as a transfer of 2000 employees, mainly tied to the Pixel phone lineup.