huawei

 

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational networking, telecommunications equipment, and services company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong. It is the largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer in the world, having overtaken Ericsson in 2012.In 2018, Huawei became 72nd of Fortune Global 500 in Fortune Magazine. Since 2018, Huawei is the second largest smartphonemanufacturer in the world. 

Huawei was founded in 1987 by Ren Zhengfei, a former engineer in the People’s Liberation Army. At the time of its establishment, Huawei focused on manufacturing phone switches, but has since expanded its business to include building telecommunications networks, providing operational and consulting services and equipment to enterprises inside and outside of China, and manufacturing communications devices for the consumer market.[7][8] Huawei has over 170,000 employees as of September 2015, around 76,000 of whom are engaged in research and development(R&D). It has 21 R&D institutes in countries including China, the United States, Canada, the UnitedKingdom, Pakistan, Finland, France, Belgium, Germany, Colombia, Sweden, Ireland, India,[14] Russia, Israel, and Turkey, and in 2014, the company invested $6.4 billion USD in R&D, up from $5 billion USD in 2013.

In 2014, Huawei recorded a profit of 34.2 billion CNY (5.5 billion USD). Its products and services have been deployed in more than 170 countries and it currently serves 45 of the world’s 50 largest telecoms operators.

In June 2016, Huawei is reportedly working on and designing its own mobile OS for future usage.

In September 2017, Huawei created an NB-IoT city-aware network using a “one network, one platform, N applications” construction model utilizing IoT, cloud computing, big data, and other next-generation information and communications technology (ICT), it also aims to be one of the world’s five largest cloud players in the near future.

In 2017, Huawei began helping BYD build a standardized, smart factory.

History of Huawei

During the 1980s, Chinese government tried to modernize the country’s underdeveloped telecommunications infrastructure. A core component of the telecommunications network was telephone exchange switches, and in the late 1980s several Chinese research groups endeavored to acquire and develop the technology, usually through joint ventures with foreign companies.

Ren Zhengfei, a former deputy director of the People’s Liberation Army engineering corp, founded Huawei in 1987 in Shenzhen. Rather than relying on joint ventures to secure technology transfers from foreign companies, which were often reluctant to transfer their most advanced technologies to Chinese firms, Ren sought to reverse engineer foreign technologies with local researchers. At a time when all of China’s telecommunications technology was imported from abroad, Ren hoped to build a domestic Chinese telecommunication company that could compete with, and ultimately replace, foreign competitors.

The company reports that it had RMB 21,000 in registered capital at the time of its founding. The Far Eastern Economic Review also reported that it received an $8.5 million loan from a state-owned bank, though the company has denied the existence of the loan.

During its first several years the company’s business model consisted mainly of reselling private branch exchange (PBX) switches imported from Hong Kong. Meanwhile, it was reverse-engineering imported switches and investing heavily in research and development to manufacture its own technologies. By 1990 the company had approximately 600 R&D staff, and began its own independent commercialization of PBX switches targeting hotels and small enterprises.[30]

The company’s first major breakthrough came in 1993, when it launched its C&C08 program controlled telephone switch. It was by far the most powerful switch available in China at the time. By initially deploying in small cities and rural areas and placing emphasis on service and customizability, the company gained market share and made its way into the mainstream market.[31] The company also developed collusive joint venture relationships with local authorities, whereby it would provide “dividends” to the local officials in exchange for their using Huawei products in the network. Ahrens writes that these methods were “unorthodox, bordering on corrupt,” but not illegal.

Huawei also gained a key contract to build the first national telecommunications network for the People’s Liberation Army, a deal one employee described as “small in terms of our overall business, but large in terms of our relationships”.In 1994, founder Ren Zhengfei had a meeting with Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin, telling him that “switching equipment technology was related to national security, and that a nation that did not have its own switching equipment was like one that lacked its own military.” Jiang reportedly agreed with this assessment.

Another major turning point for the company came in 1996, when the government in Beijing adopted an explicit policy of supporting domestic telecommunications manufacturers and restricting access to foreign competitors. Huawei was promoted by both the government and the military as a national champion, and established new research and development offices.

Products and services

Huawei is organized around three core business segments:

  1. Telecom Carrier Networks, building telecommunications networks and services
  2. Enterprise Business, providing equipment, software and services to enterprise customers, e.g. Government Solutions etc.
  3. Devices, manufacturing electronic communications devices

Huawei announced its Enterprise business in January, 2011 to provide network infrastructure, fixed and wireless communication, data center, and cloud computingsolutions for global telecommunications customers. Huawei has stated that it aims to increase enterprise sales to US$4 billion in 2011 and $15 billion within three to five years.

In 2016, Huawei enterprise business group launched a new marketing slogan defining its position for the enterprise market, “Leading New ICT, Building a Better Connected World” at CeBIT 2016.

Devices

Huawei’s Devices division provides white-label products to content-service providers, including USB modems, wireless modems and wireless routers for mobile wifi, embedded modules, fixed wireless terminals, wireless gateways, set-top boxes, mobile handsets and video products.Huawei also produces and sells a variety of devices under its own name, such as the IDEOS smartphones, tablet PCs and Huawei Smartwatch. In 2010, Huawei Devices shipped 120 million devices around the world. 30 million cell phones, of which 3.3 million units were smartphones, were shipped to markets such as Japan, the United States and Europe.

Huawei phones

In July 2003, Huawei established their handset department and by 2004, Huawei shipped their first phone, the C300. The U626 was Huawei’s first 3G phone in June 2005 and In 2006, Huawei launched the first vodafone branded 3G handset, the V710. The U8220 was Huawei’s first Android smartphone and was unveiled in MWC 2009. At CES 2012, Huawei introduced the Ascend range starting with the Ascend P1 S. At MWC 2012, Huawei launched the Ascend D1. In September 2012, Huawei launched a 4G ready phone, the Ascend P1 LTE. At CES 2013, Huawei launched the Ascend D2 and the Ascend Mate. At MWC 2013, the Ascend P2 was launched as the world’s first LTE Cat4 smartphone. In June 2013, Huawei launched the Ascend P6 and in December 2013, Huawei introduced Honor as a subsidiary independent brand in China. At CES 2014, Huawei launched the Ascend Mate2 4G In 2014 and at MWC 2014, Huawei launched the MediaPad X1 tablet and Ascend G6 4G smartphone. Other launched in 2014 included the Ascend P7 in May 2014, the Ascend Mate7, the Ascend G7 and the Ascend P7 Sapphire Edition as China’s first 4G smartphone with a sapphire screen.

In January 2015, Huawei announced that they’ll be dropping the Ascend name in future phones.This means that the Ascend Mate series was latter simply known as Mate series and the Ascend P series was latter simply known as P series.

Huawei also partnered with Google to build the Nexus 6P in 2015. In March 2018, Huawei announced its new flagship smartphone, the P20 Pro, which will be the world’s first smartphone with three rear cameras.